There are various reasons why a female may be susceptible to developing gynecological cancer including both biological and environmental factors. Research, however, has indicated that certain classes of genes may become damaged by both biological and environmental factors; thereby, promoting the uncontrolled spread and growth of abnormal cancer cells. For example, tumor suppressor genes could be damaged through an individual’s age and smoking leading to a vulnerability to gynecologic cancer.
The spread of abnormal cells, with regards to gynecologic cancer, originates from the female reproductive organs. The organs include the cervix, the uterus, the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the vagina, and the vulva. As such, there are six different types of gynecologic cancer, and this article will discuss each of these conditions and how a cancer doctor and Gynecologic Oncology can help in treating the cancers.
Cervical cancer is a type of gynecologic cancer that originates in the lower, narrow end of the uterus. It is typically caused by the human papilloma virus, also known as HPV, and tends to affect females in their late 30s or older. In today’s society, cervical cancer is the most common form of gynecologic cancer and research in treatment has made it quite treatable. However, the successful rate of treatment for this type of cancer is dependent on the time of diagnosis. If the cancer is diagnosed early, the treatment is more likely to succeed.
Uterine cancer is a form of gynecologic cancer that begins in the uterus, which is the pear-shaped organ located in the female’s pelvis. The primary function of the uterus is to hold a fetus during the gestation period and assist with its growth throughout pregnancy. When a female gives birth, the infant is released from the uterus through the vagina.
Uterine cancer occurs in this area and is most common among women who have already experienced menopause. While this is typically females of older age, it is possible for younger women to suffer from uterine cancer. Once again, the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chance of treatment success.
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries are reproductive organs located on either side of the uterus and play an important role in reproduction. While ovarian cancer can be diagnosis at an early stage and treatments are successful, the success is dependent on the time of diagnosis and test. In fact, ovarian cancer has been noted as being responsible for more deaths than any other type of gynecologic cancer.
Vaginal cancer is a form of gynecologic cancer forming in the vagina. The vagina is a hollow, tube-like channel located at the bottom of the uterus and it runs throughout to the exterior of the body. While vaginal cancer is considered a rare type of cancer, all females are at risk of this cancer.
The vulva is the outer part of the female genital organ; similar to the foreskin of the male penis, and this is the area where vulva cancer begins. In conjunction with vaginal cancer, vulva cancer accounts for approximately 10% of all gynecologic cancer cases in the USA.
Despite vaginal cancer being a rare form of cancer, the fallopian tube cancer is an even more rare form. Fallopian tube cancer begins in the fallopian tubes which are organs connecting the uterus to the ovaries. Statistics indicate that this type of cancer affects approximately 2% of all diagnosed cases in the USA.
Each of the mentioned gynecological cancer types has a unique set of symptoms, causes, risk factors and prevention strategies. However, the one common factor is that when diagnosed early the treatment can be quite effective. Engage the help of gynecologist early. This will potentially help save your life.